Most universities in the UK don't use the Havard style of referencing for history essays. Most, like Cardiff University, use a different style, called MHRA. If you do need to use Harvard, you can check out the tutorials on the WJEC site. Click on the button at the top right of this page to get there, and explore their resources! If you want to do history at degree level and / or you need to use the footnote style for this coursework, we have an exercise to show you how to reference printed books and sources you found online.


Why do I need to reference my work?

You need to tell the reader (a) where you got your facts from (b) where your quotes come from (c) which sources you used (d) what arguments you've summarised in your work. If you don't, that's called plagiarism - you can be accused of stealing someone else's work. That's very serious - and it will cause you to fail. Make sure that you reference your work thoroughly in the correct format.

Footnotes go at the end of the sentence, after the full stop. If you hold down Ctrl + Alt + F keys together, Word will automatically create a footnote! #LifeHack

If you have to use the MHRA system, here's how: 




Books are cited with the author name first, then the title in italics, then the (place it was published, year it was published) in brackets, then the page number/s the quote or fact or argument can be found. 


Say you want to reference a book by John Guy on Tudor England. You repeated a fact you found on page 24. That would be footnoted like this: 


John Guy, Tudor England, (Oxford, 1990) p. 24. 

I used page 64 of a book with more than one author/editor. How do I reference that?

Like this:


David Patterson, Doug and Susan Willoughby, Civil Rights in the USA, 1863-1980, (Oxford, 2001), p. 64. 

Give it a go!